According to an 86 years old gentleman who lived in the village, the old inhabitants of Cappadocia Eco Lodge were rich people. This was a place where the water was close and easy to get. In fact the Kepez type of gray stones used in some of the relatively newer sections, such as some of the arched rooms is a proof that the inhabitants of these houses were wealthy. Kepez Stone is a solid gray stone generally found on the hills of Kavak village, about 15 km from Uchisar. According to the elderly inhabitants of the village in older days it snowed so much that neighbors had to dig tunnels in the snow to go to visit each other. They had a difficulty walking around, getting food. So they had to stay home until the weather warmed up and snow melted. So they always made sure they had enough flour and provisions to survive until spring time. Although temperatures can drop down to – 35 C this is a very rare situation in our days.
Cappadocia Lodge was a complex of abandoned historical houses below the ancient rock castle of Uchisar. In 2003 after the approval of the ministry of culture, restorations started and were carried out in the complex in the aim of creating a cave lodge complying with the natural and historical texture of the region. Having this objective in mind specialized architects, skilled masters and workers were employed for restorations.
The area was formed by a series of volcanic eruptions which covered a large surface of about 5000 sq km. by volcanic ash, in the 3rd geological era about 35 million years ago. In time softer parts of this hardened volcanic tuff were eroded and harder parts remained in shape of mushroom rocks, so called fairy chimneys. When humans appeared in this part of the world, they carved these rocks and lived in them. Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Greeks, Persians and Romans and Turks inhabited the area. The region was on the immigration path of early Christians who escaped the Roman attacks by hiding in the caves and underground cities.
The rock castle called Tiraz, in the giant rock formation near the lodge, was possibly carved out by Hittites, soon after the bronze age when iron tools were widely used. Subsequent civilizations and early Christians must have inhabited this particular area primarily for defense purposes.
The tunnel giving access to an underground water pond down below the hill 5 km at the South of the lodge was used for water supply. In fact terracotta pipes were found in the tunnel. The tunnel might have been used also for emergency evacuation purposes at times of enemy invasion during Roman times when early Christian communities inhabited the area.