Here we will give you brief information about Cappadocia and possible activities you might enjoy during your stay in the area. Detailed information about all sorts of activities will be provided upon demand. We also provide private tour services all around Turkey. For more information about our private tours please visit our web site: www.privatetourturkey.com

rock formations in cappadocia

Rock formations in Cappadocia valleys

Cappadocia looks like a fairy tale land with its interesting rock formations, rock carved churches and valleys side by side. Several walking tracks allow hikers discover caves and rocks looking like mushrooms, called fairy chimneys. The inside of these rocks have often been carved out to be used as houses, churches, stables and food storage depots.

fairy chimneys in cappadocia

‘Fairy chimneys’

image of dervishes

Dervishes

Some cabaret style entertainment establishments have shows of Turkish folk dances or whirling dervish performances in huge rock formations where shows can be watched while you are wining, dining and dancing. Turkish folk dancers like to invite guests for a dance during their performances.

A hot air balloon flight can be experienced in the area.

image of cappadocia balloon ride

Balloon ride

Flying up above this fascinating land gives a person a different perspective of the area. Visiting underground cities, rock carved churches, monasteries, walking in the valleys, discovering villages carved in the rocks, meeting local people might be among your activities.

cappadocia rock carved church

Rock carved church

In Cappadocia farmers wake up early in the mornings to make their ways through narrow paths on their donkeys or mule chariots to their orchards or vegetable gardens. In villages you may see peasants cutting wood or baking bread for the community.

Young women can be seen weaving rugs on their looms. Some of these might be used as a dowry for their marriages. In autumn you may see them smashing grapes to make grape molasses “Pekmez”. This is a dark purple colour sweet nutrient in liquid form and a good source of iron. This is quite a popular drink consumed especially in cold winter days. Some farmers cultivate pumpkins. Pumpkin flesh is used to make a

cappadocia weaving art

Weaving art

delicious dessert mixed with walnuts. The seeds of the pumpkin will not be wasted. They will be baked in stone ovens for consumption. Baked pumpkin seeds are consumed widely in the evenings in the tea houses or during long winter nights.

cappadocia wool dying

Wool dying

Cappadocia is the old name of an ancient region in Asia Minor. This land is now roughly corresponding to present day Nevsehir province. In the 5th century BC the borders of the region were extending from the Black Sea at the North, to the Taurus mountain chain in the South, from Salt Lake in the West to the Euphrates river in the East. In spite of the fluctuations of its frontiers throughout centuries it maintained constantly its vital centre in the southern zone of the plateau. The name Cappadocia derives from word Khepat and the suffix Uka. Khepat was one of the names of the Sun Goddess of Arinna of Hittites, adopted from Hurrians. As for the suffix Uka according to Ernst Herzfeld “Studies in geography and ethnography of the ancient near east” P. 101. it is a Median transformation of the Armenian word ukh used to create people or country names. In fact Persians conquered Cappadocia where large Armenian communities used to live, in 585 B. C. and started to call it their way as Katpatuka, originating from the meaning of “People of Hepat” which later was transformed to Kappadokia by the Greeks.

However the popular interpretation suggests that the name derives from Katpatukia which is thought to be an old Persian word meaning “the land of beautiful horses.” This interpretation must have based itself to the former existence of so called “Yilki” horses which lived in the nature in freedom.

image of yazilikaya

Yazilikaya

The photo on the left is of Yazilikaya Open Air Temple relief near Hattusa, depicting mother goddess Khepat or Hebat No.43, with Teshub, the storm god next to her no.42, Sarumma their son No.44 is standing on a smaller lion.